Le Corbusier & Jeanneret
If we are exact, it would not be correct to name the house we have in our image as the “Weissenhof House”. It is really called this way the colony composed of 21 houses, between exempt and terraced, which were erected in 1927 in the vicinity of Stuttgart.
This project was commissioned by the Deutscher Werkbund (DWB). The reason was the exhibition entitled “The house”. He promised to present innovative concepts for what was considered “New Life”. All the projects had to meet the point of view of economy, functionality, construction, technical accessories and furniture. This was because the DWB had a concept that we currently do not find any association with. It was a mixed association of architects, artists and industrialists financed by the State, whose objective was to integrate the traditional crafts with the industrial techniques of mass production to place Germany at the head of the market.
Concepts that shared in the future with design greats such as Jean Prouve, the Eames or Verner Panton (to give some examples) and that is currently very far from the current editors. We sought a balance between price and quality and through Design and Architecture improve the daily life of people, regardless of their purchasing power.
With that idea in mind, 17 architects from five European countries gave birth to homes. The City Council financed the project. The condition was to be able to rent the houses at the end of the sample. Implication thus giving Germans citizens the opportunity to live in houses built by architects that would change history.
Participated Mies van der Rohe (who directed the project), Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier, Hans Scharoun, Peter Behrens, …
The houses had to share characteristics both in their appearance (bare geometric shapes, flat roofs) and in the construction process. Its construction operations based on steel frames and prefabricated concrete were the basis of virtually all subsequent architecture.
As we have said, the goal was to improve the lives of its inhabitants. For this purpose, the concept of house as “Machine à habitar”, that is to say, as “machine of living”, took definitive form. That concept, made attention to the circulation of air, sunlight, wide windows, wide spaces. Le Corbusier began to unite rooms with similar purposes, such as bedrooms. The kitchen and the dining room approached and the corridors of the house were reduced. And the furniture was bare and intended to be easy to maintain, so that the woman could be incorporated into work and not at home.
Currently the image belongs to the house designed by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret. Today is the Weissenhof Museum.